The Earth is going through a period of climate change and other climate-related issues. Scientists find it mandatory that we should learn how sudden modification in our planet's climate can affect the environment and, eventually, the species living on Earth, including us, the humans. A recent study focused on Antarctic sea ice. According to the researchers from the University of Chicago, a surge in the level of Antarctic sea ice might trigger a new ice age. The study was based on simulations of multiple scenarios involving Antarctic sea ice. The primary goal of the research was to understand better the planet's climatic cycles over geological periods. "One key question in the field is still what caused the Earth to cycle in and out of ice ages periodically. We are pretty confident that the carbon balance between the atmosphere and ocean must have changed, but we don't quite know how or why," said Malte Jansen from the University of Chicago. Antarctic Sea Ice Level Surge Might Cause A New Ice Age According to scientists, our planet is now precisely between ice ages. In cold periods, ice sheets increase in volume, while they decrease in size in warmer times. And they do that periodically. But, humanity continues to impact the climate by releasing CO2 in the atmosphere, and that might delay the cooldown of the planet and boost global warming. "Understanding the outsized role played by carbon storage in the ocean can help scientists more accurately simulate future environmental change," added Alice Marzocchi from The National Oceanography Center. "What this suggests is that it's a feedback loop. As the temperature drops, less carbon is released into the atmosphere, which triggers more cooling," she added. The recent study was issued in the journal Nature, and it tries to explain how natural climate change occurs and affects the Earth. In their simulation, scientists revealed that an increase in Antarctic sea ice could cause a new ice age. At the moment, we are far from that, as the planet continues to warm.