In the 14th Century, a Black mass grave was found in England’s Lincolnshire countryside. The discovery was about people who lived 70,000 years ago; people who are called “Neanderthal.” Recent excavations have revealed an upper body from a prehistoric human. It was found in Shanidar Cave in Iraqi. This is the first discovery made in the last 20 years.
In 1950, archeologist Ralph Solecki found the remains of 10 Neanderthal men, women, and children. He also said that in the graves, he discovered ancient pollen clumps because Neanderthal’s funerals included flowers as a ritual.
After the discovery was made, they didn’t have any transportation to move the cargo, so, Solecki and his team took the bodies to the Bagdad Museum on the roof of a taxi, this action took place in the 1960s. Although they were known as brutal and aggressive, Solecki thinks that Neanderthals had very sophisticated rituals and behavior.
Neanderthals Used To Practice Funeral Rituals
Solecki wanted to revisit the site, but unfortunately, he died at age 101, and he didn’t have the chance to do it again. Even if Solecki wasn’t able to do it, in 2016 and 2019 took place another discovery of Neanderthal remains. The coordinator for this team was Graeme Barker, a study co-author from Cambridge University’s McDonald Institute of Archaeology.
The body that was investigated by the research team is not very specific regarding the gender, one thing is sure, it is from a middle-aged adult, this presumption was made, based on his or her teeth. The grave was “signaled” with a triangular rock, and it was placed in the back of the skull as a marker.
The research team said that the skull might have ancient DNA remains, and it could determine the period that Neanderthals lived there, the DNA could also determine the individuals’ diet. The researchers believe that the Shanidar cave was used as a site of memory for the repeated ritual interment of their dead.