In the southern waters of the youngest major ocean lies The Bremer Marine Park. The youngest of the major oceans being the Indian Ocean, or the Western Oceans as the Chines named it after being known as the Eastern Ocean.
The Bremer Marine Park was formerly known as Bremer Commonwealth Marine Reserve. It is a 4472 km2 marine protected area, with a depth range of about 15–5000 m, near the southern coast of Western Australia. The oceans surrounding Australia are mostly unexplored. The discovery will bring answers about climate change, ocean conditions, and global scale events.
The marine park provides seasonal habitat for southern right whales as well as supporting migrating humpback whales. It is a foraging area for Australian sea lions, Indian Yellow-nosed albatrosses, flesh-footed shearwaters, soft-plumaged petrels, and great white sharks. It also encompasses Bremer Canyon, a submarine canyon known as a biodiversity hotspot. It is here that the new coral garden was discovered.
A coral garden lies in the depths of the Bremer Marine park
Researchers from the University of Western Australia with the help of SuBastian were the ones to bring to the surface the evidence hidden in the canyon. SuBastian is a deep-sea remotely operated vehicle the belongs to the philanthropic Schmidt Ocean Institute and can sample depths to 4,500 meters.
The corals found are the perfect environment for numerous ecosystems that will become subject to further research. The biological, geological, and bathymetric data gathered will become the reason to understand better and protect previously unknown ecosystems. A solitary cup coral species were found. It will make connections between disparate sites across the Southern Ocean.
The Southern Ocean comprises the southernmost waters of the World Ocean, encircling Antarctica. This oceanic zone is where cold, northward flowing waters from the Antarctic mix with warmer subantarctic waters. This makes the Antarctic Ocean an essential engine in global climate evolution. It is also responsible for the regularization of heat and nutrient-rich waters to the major oceans.